What is surgical physiotherapy, and what is its use before and after it? In some cases, surgery will be necessary to control the disease and injury. The patient must be familiar with the type of surgery, the rehabilitation process, and subsequent physiotherapy treatments.
This helps him get better results from the treatment. Surgery will be recommended to treat different types of diseases.
Emergency surgery refers to a patient who has had an accident or needs immediate treatment due to illness. For example, in cases where the patient has a broken wrist, ankle, or femur or a bone dislocation, surgery may be needed to treat the bone and improve its function. Sometimes the doctor will use platinum or metal bolts to replace the bone.
The Importance of Physiotherapy before and after Surgery
Every surgery is a harmful process, and in addition to its advantages, it also has disadvantages. Due to the necessity of surgery, physiotherapy should minimize the number of unwanted injuries before and after, which is prominent in reducing complications.
- Cardiorespiratory Problems
- Musculoskeletal Problems
- Reduce Pain, Swelling and Adhesions
- Necessary Training
Types of Surgeries
The term ‘elective surgery’ is a bit misleading. In elective surgery, the doctor will make the necessary plans and actions. Sometimes the patient needs surgery but will not have an emergency operation, such as cruciate ligament repair or knee surgery. Note that the waiting time for elective surgery in the health system varies from 50 to 150 days. However, the waiting time will be more than a year in some diseases.
Cardiorespiratory Problems and Physiotherapy
One of the problems associated with surgery is cardiovascular risk. These risks are health-threatening, regardless of whether the patient is under anesthesia or anesthesia. If a person is under general anesthesia, it is necessary to quit smoking before surgery and perform specialized exercises to increase lung volume. After the operation, the lungs may overlap or become full of secretions due to reduced movement due to reduced lung mobility. The physiotherapist’s job is to teach the necessary breathing exercises before and after surgery. He or she may come to your bedside to drain the lungs after the operating room and apply the necessary techniques.
Another point is the heart problems that a person may have during and after surgery. Suppose a person has cardiovascular problems before the operation, such as previous vasoconstriction, hypertension, or valvular problems. In that case, specialized exercises should be performed by the therapist with full caution and taking into account parameters such as age, sex, previous and current problems, weight, and The condition of the lungs be done. Therefore, in this regard, the therapist should prepare the heart and lungs for surgery and reduce their problems after the operating room. It is recommended that you consult your physiotherapist before surgery.
Musculoskeletal Problems and Physiotherapy
Every incision our body undergoes causes pain, and consequently, immobility weakens our muscles and physical strength. Suppose you are going to have bowel surgery. Abdominal incisions cause pain and immobility. With complete rest, the abdominal and leg muscles will weaken, and you will have difficulty getting up and walking around. If a person is old, reducing muscle strength will be much faster. This weakness is present in all surgeries, even operations such as simple appendectomy. Therefore, regardless of the type of surgery, physical weakness after surgery is inevitable. The therapist’s job is to strengthen the muscles and prepare you for surgery and injuries.
Absolute rest after the surgery is not correct except in rare cases and will cause physical weakness. After the surgery, the physiotherapist will be present at your bedside and teach you the necessary, safe, and useful exercises. Sometimes, due to problems caused by surgery, it is necessary to continue physiotherapy at home for a quick and complete recovery.
Another case that the patient may face is mobility problems. After several surgeries, it is necessary for the movement in the joint to start and the range of motion to return to normal, such as surgeries related to fractures and casts, joint replacement, joint repair, etc.
Reduce Pain, Swelling and Adhesions, and Physiotherapy
Regardless of the surgical site, the skin comprises several layers all over the body, which stick together after surgery when the incision is closed. Sometimes the skin sticks to its underlying tissues, such as muscles and tendons, reducing its movement, slowing blood flow to the site and may cause pain.
One of the therapist’s tasks is to prevent or eliminate adhesions and pain after surgery with various techniques such as thermotherapy and manual therapy. Due to the depth of the surgery and the subsequent immobility, part of the area may become swollen due to impaired blood flow. Swelling also exacerbates impaired blood flow and creates a vicious cycle. Therefore, the therapist will take the necessary measures using the necessary methods, depending on the location and type of swelling, and will reduce the pain and swelling.
Necessary Training and Physiotherapy
Sometimes, due to the type of surgery or the patient’s specific conditions, it is necessary to change the patient’s activities and daily activities. These changes should not be after surgery, some of which will be temporary and some will be permanent. For visits, evaluation, and physiotherapy at home, New Medicine will send its experienced physiotherapists to your home as soon as possible, who will evaluate the patient’s condition, place of residence, and work and make the necessary recommendations and strategies to adapt as much as possible to the environment and reduce will provide complications and problems of surgery. The patient will also receive the necessary training and information about the surgery and subsequent recovery before surgery and will go to the operating room with peace of mind and sufficient knowledge of the nature of their surgery.
Benefits of Physiotherapy before and after Surgery
The physiotherapist will provide important information about the type of surgery, its effect on the body, and the steps that will help achieve better results.
The preoperative physiotherapist will explain the exercises that the patient should do.